Use Bitbucket in the enterprise

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This page describes best practices for using Bitbucket Data Center and Server in enterprise environments. If you're evaluating Bitbucket, we suggest that you begin with Install a Bitbucket trial, instead of this page.

Bitbucket is the Git code management solution for enterprise teams. It allows everyone in your organization to easily collaborate on your Git repositories, while providing enterprise-grade support for:

  • ユーザー認証
  • リポジトリのセキュリティ
  • 既存のデータベースや開発環境との統合




Atlassian offers two deployment options for Bitbucket.


Bitbucket Server

ほとんどの組織では、Bitbucket Server の単一インスタンスで優れたパフォーマンスを実現できます。本番環境で Bitbucket Server インスタンスをセットアップする際のベスト プラクティスについては、引き続きこのページをお読みください。

Bitbucket Data Center

For larger enterprises that require high availability and greater performance at scale, Bitbucket Data Center resources uses a cluster of Bitbucket Server nodes to provide Active/Active failover, and is the deployment option of choice. 


機能の比較

各ライセンスに含まれる内容の概要を次に示します。 

コア機能Server ライセンスData Center ライセンス
Integrated CI/CD
Two new ways to get feedback on code - the Builds page and the Builds tab - designed to help you avoid switching tools.

Collaboration via pull requests
Review and discuss your code with your team before merging changes. Learn more about pull request collaboration

ブランチの権限

ユーザーがリポジトリまたはプロジェクト内でシングル ブランチ、ブランチ タイプ、またはブランチ パターンに対して実行できる操作を管理します。ブランチ権限の詳細をご確認ください。

Flexible workflows
Use centralized, forking, gitflow or forking workflows. Learn more about flexible workflows

Git LFS (Large File Storage)
Store large files without the need for an external object store. Learn more about Git LFS

CI and issue tracker integrations
Connect Bitbucket to Jira, Bamboo, Source Tree for a great developer experience. Learn more about integrations

ユーザー管理

Just-in-time user provisioning
Allow users to be created an updated automatically when they log in through SAML, SSO, or OpenID Connect SSO. Learn more about JIT user provisioning

Single sign-on with OpenID Connect
Enable seamless integrations with many 3rd party identity providers. Learn more about OpenID Connect

External user directories
Store users in Active Directory, Crowd, Jira or another LDAP directory. Learn more about external user directories

SAML single sign-on
Use a SAML identity provider for authentication and single-sign on. Learn more about SAML single sign-on

高可用性および大規模なパフォーマンス

Clustering
Run Bitbucket on multiple nodes for high availability. Learn more about clustering

Smart mirroring
Improve Git clone speeds for distributed teams working with large repositories. Learn more about smart mirroring

Content Delivery Network (CDN) support
Improve geo-performance for distributed teams. Learn more about CDN

Elasticsearch
Connect Bitbucket to a remote Elasticsearch instance for improved scalability (required for Data Center sites). Learn more about Elasticsearch

インフラストラクチャと制御

Auditing
Brings improvements to auditing for projects and repositories, and expanded it to the global admin settings that displays all events in the system. Having this digital record gives admins the higher level of visibility that they need to ensure security and compliance. Learn more about auditing

Advanced auditing
Gives you the visibility and security-relevant digital records needed to help demonstrate compliance, strengthen security, and improve workflow. Learn more about advanced auditing

App diagnostics
Get an overview of the health of your site, including potential performance issues relating to third-party apps. Learn more about diagnostics

Integrity tests for zero-downtime backup
Find and resolve any inconsistencies between the database and home directory, for example after restoring a backup. Learn more about integrity checks

Rate limiting
Control how many external REST API requests users and automations can make. Learn more about rate limiting

Repository delete policies
Secure your data via a new Global Permissions policy. Learn more about policies

デプロイメント オプション

独自のハードウェア
Bitbucket を独自の物理サーバー、仮想サーバー、またはお好きなデータセンターで実行します。

AWS Quick Start and Cloud Formation Templates
Use our Cloud Formation Templates to deploy Bitbucket on AWS. Learn more about AWS quick start





プラットフォーム要件

Although Bitbucket can be run on Windows, Linux and Mac systems, for enterprise use we only recommend, and support using Linux. This recommendation is based on our own testing and experience with using Bitbucket.

Java、外部データベース、Web ブラウザおよび Git のサポート対象バージョンの詳細については、「サポート対象プラットフォーム」ページを参照してください。

Bitbucket Data Center 要件の詳細については、「Bitbucket Data Center のインストール」を参照してください。

パフォーマンスの留意点

In general, Bitbucket is very stable and has low memory consumption. There are no scalability limits other than for Git hosting operations (clone in particular). We know this is the scalability limit of the product; the limit is proportional to the number of cores on the system.

As an example, data collected from an internal Bitbucket instance indicate that for a team of approximately 50 developers, with associated continuous integration infrastructure, we see a peak concurrency of 30 simultaneous clone operations and a mean of 2 simultaneous clone operations. We conservatively expect that a customer with similar usage patterns would be capable of supporting 1000 users on a machine with 40 cores and a supporting amount of RAM. While we expect a peak concurrency larger than 40, Bitbucket is designed to queue incoming requests so as to avoid overwhelming the server.

Bitbucket Server – アトラシアン社内で実行した Bitbucket Server の本番環境インスタンスのデータについては、「Bitbucket Server の本番環境サーバーのデータ」を参照してください。

Bitbucket Data Center – 異なるサイズのクラスタに対する当社のパフォーマンス テストの結果については、「Bitbucket Data Center のパフォーマンス」を参照してください。

高可用性

If Bitbucket is a critical part of your development workflow, maximizing Bitbucket availability becomes an important consideration.

Bitbucket – see High availability for Bitbucket for the background information you need to set up Bitbucket in a highly available configuration. 

Bitbucket Data Center – Bitbucket Data Center が HA と瞬時のフェイルオーバーを提供する方法の詳細については、「Bitbucket Data Center のフェイルオーバー」を参照してください。

スケーラビリティ

Bitbucket is built with enterprise scaling and infrastructure flexibility in mind, giving administrators control over how Bitbucket fits into their environment: 

  • For most organizations, a single instance of Bitbucket provides good performance. Continue reading this page for guidance on best practice in setting up a Bitbucket instance in a production environment.
  • For larger enterprises that require HA and greater performance at scale, Bitbucket Data Center uses a cluster of Bitbucket nodes and is the deployment option of choice.

Your single instance of Bitbucket can be easily upgraded to Bitbucket Data Center when the time comes.

Bitbucket – see Scaling Bitbucket Server for information about how you can tune your Bitbucket instance to grow with your organization's needs. See also Scaling Bitbucket Server for Continuous Integration performance for information specific to Bitbucket performance when CI tools poll Bitbucket for changes.

Bitbucket Data Center – see Adding and removing Data Center nodes for information about how you can rapidly provision extra capacity without downtime.

プロビジョニング

Some possible approaches to provisioning Bitbucket include:

本番環境のセットアップ

When setting up Bitbucket for a production or enterprise environment, we highly recommend that you configure the following aspects:

Run Bitbucket as a dedicated user
Install Bitbucket as a service
外部データベースを使用する
  • For production environments Bitbucket should use an external database, rather than the embedded database. Set up your external DBMS (for example MySQL) before starting Bitbucket for the first time. This allows you to connect Bitbucket to that DBMS using the Setup Wizard that launches when you first run Bitbucket. See Connect Bitbucket to an external database.
既存のユーザーディレクトリへ接続する
Secure the Bitbucket home directory
  • For production environments the Bitbucket home directory should be secured against unauthorized access. See Set the home directory.
Secure Bitbucket with HTTPS
  • Access to Bitbucket should be secured using HTTP over SSL, especially if your data is sensitive and Bitbucket is exposed to the internet. See Securing Bitbucket Server with HTTPS.
Git リポジトリへの SSH アクセスを有効にする
  • Enable SSH access for your Bitbucket users to Git repositories in Bitbucket so that they can add their own SSH keys to Bitbucket, and then use those SSH keys to secure Git operations between their computer and the Bitbucket instance. See Enable SSH access to Git repositories.
Change the context path for Bitbucket
  • If you are running Bitbucket behind a proxy, or you have another Atlassian application (or any Java web application), available at the same hostname and context path as Bitbucket, then you should set a unique context path for Bitbucket. See Change Bitbucket's context path.

本番環境の管理

Upgrading Bitbucket
  • For production environments we recommend that you test the Bitbucket upgrade on a QA server before deploying to production. See the Bitbucket Server upgrade guide.
バックアップとリカバリ
  • We highly recommend that you establish a data recovery plan that is aligned with your company's policies. See Data recovery and backups for information about tools and backup strategies for Bitbucket.
ログ
  • Bitbucket instance logs can be found in  <Bitbucket home directory>/log. Logs for the bundled Tomcat webserver can be found in  <Bitbucket Server installation directory>/log. See Enable debug logging.
  • Bitbucket displays recent audit events for each repository and project (only visible to Bitbucket admins and system admins), and also creates full audit log files that can be found in the <Bitbucket home directory >/audit/logs directory. Note that Bitbucket has an upper limit to the number of log files it maintains, and deletes the oldest file when a new file is created – we recommend an automated backup of log files. See View and configure the audit log.]
最終更新日 2021 年 5 月 12 日

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