Connect Bitbucket to PostgreSQL

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This page describes how to connect Bitbucket Data Center and Server to a PostgreSQL database. 

The overall process for using a PostgreSQL database with Bitbucket is:

  • install PostgreSQL where it is accessible to Bitbucket
  • create a database and user on the PostgreSQL server for Bitbucket to use
  • install Bitbucket on Windows, or on Linux or Mac. See Getting started.
  • 次のいずれかを実行します。
    • at Bitbucket install time, run the Setup Wizard to connect to the PostgreSQL database, or
    • at a later time, migrate Bitbucket to the PostgreSQL database. See Using the Database Migration Wizard.

ここでは、PostgreSQL をすでにインストールし、実行中であることを想定しています。PostgreSQL のインストールと操作の詳細については PostgreSQL のドキュメントをご確認ください。追加情報については、tuning のページをご確認ください。

PostgreSQL has the idea of schemas. When you create a PostgreSQL database, a 'public' schema is created and set as the default for that database. It is possible to create a different schema (e.g. 'bitbucket') and set that as the default schema. Bitbucket will use whatever schema is set as the default for the logged-in user. Bitbucket does not provide a way for a user to nominate the schema to use; it uses a schema that is set as the PostgreSQL default.

See Supported platforms for the versions of PostgreSQL supported by Bitbucket.

前提条件

バックアップ

If you are migrating your Bitbucket data from the HSQL internal database, back up the home directory.

If you are migrating your Bitbucket data from another external database, back up that database by following the instructions provided by the database vendor before proceeding with these instructions.

データの復元とバックアップ」を参照してください。

Create the Bitbucket database

Before you can use Bitbucket with PostgreSQL, you must:

  • Create a role for Bitbucket to use when it connects to the database.
    We strongly recommend that this role be established for Bitbucket's use exclusively; it should not be shared by other applications or people.
  • Create a database in which Bitbucket can store its data.
    The database must be configured to use the UTF-8 character set.
    During normal operation, Bitbucket will acquire 25–30 connections to the database. The maximum number of connections is a configurable system property – see Database pool.
  • Note that Bitbucket requires the database to keep idle connections alive for at least 10 minutes. If the database is configured with less than a 10-minute connection timeout, there will be seemingly random connection errors

Here is an example of how to create a user called bitbucketuser with password jellyfish , and a database called bitbucket , which is configured for use by bitbucketuser. Using a PostgreSQL client application like psql or pgAdmin, run the following commands, replacing the user name, password, and database name with your own values.

CREATE ROLE bitbucketuser WITH LOGIN PASSWORD 'jellyfish' VALID UNTIL 'infinity';
 
CREATE DATABASE bitbucket WITH ENCODING='UTF8' OWNER=bitbucketuser CONNECTION LIMIT=-1;

If the server that is hosting the PostgreSQL database is not the same server as Bitbucket, then please ensure that the Bitbucket server can connect to the database server. Please also refer to the PostgreSQL documentation on how to set up pg_hba.conf. If the pg_hba.conf file is not set properly, remote communication to the PostgreSQL server will fail.

Connect Bitbucket to the PostgreSQL database

You can now connect Bitbucket to the PostgreSQL database, either:

  • インストール時にセットアップ ウィザードを実行する場合
  • when you wish to migrate to PostgreSQL, either from the embedded HSQL database or from another external database.

インストール時にセットアップ ウィザードを実行する場合

  1. "Database" 手順で [External] を選択します。
  2. [Database Type] に [PostgreSQL] を選択します。
  3. フォームに入力します。詳細は、以下の表を参照してください。
  4. Click Next, and follow the instructions in the Bitbucket Setup Wizard.

PostgreSQL に移行する場合

  1. In the Bitbucket administration area, click Database (under 'Settings').
  2. [データベースの移行] をクリックします。
  3. [Database Type] に [PostgreSQL] を選択します。
  4. フォームに入力します。詳細は、以下の表を参照してください。
  5. [移行の開始] をクリックします。


ホスト名
データベース サーバーを実行するコンピューターのホスト名または IP アドレス。

Port
The TCP port with which Bitbucket can connect to the database server. The default value is the default port that MySQL or MariaDB runs against. You can change that if you know the port that your MySQL or MariaDB instance is using.

Database name
The name of the database that Bitbucket should connect to.

Database username
The username that Bitbucket should use to access the database.

Database password
The password that Bitbucket should use to access the database.


最終更新日: 2021 年 2 月 25 日

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