Resolving SSL Self-Signed Certificate Errors
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If you're using a self-signed certificate on your Bitbucket server, you may receive SSL certificate errors when you try to perform certain actions. This page will help you resolve this errors.
When trying to perform a clone using instruction stated in Debug logging for Git operations on the client the following error is reported:
$ export GIT_CURL_VERBOSE=1 $ git clone https://email@example.com/scm/repository.git Cloning into 'repository'... * Couldn't find host git.example.com in the _netrc file; using defaults * Adding handle: conn: 0x22a7568 * Adding handle: send: 0 * Adding handle: recv: 0 * Curl_addHandleToPipeline: length: 1 * - Conn 0 (0x22a7568) send_pipe: 1, recv_pipe: 0 * About to connect() to git.example.com port 443 (#0) * Trying 10.253.136.142... * Connected to git.example.com (10.253.136.142) port 443 (#0) * successfully set certificate verify locations: * CAfile: C:\Program Files (x86)\Git/bin/curl-ca-bundle.crt CApath: c:/Users/username/Downloads * SSL certificate problem: self signed certificate in certificate chain * Closing connection 0 fatal: unable to access 'https://firstname.lastname@example.org/scm/repository.git': SSL certificate problem: self signed certificate in certificate chain
This is caused by git not trusting the certificate provided by your server.
One possible workaround is to temporary disable SSL check for your git command in case you only need to perform a one time clone:
GIT_SSL_NO_VERIFY=true git clone https://email@example.com/scm/repository.git
The workaround is intended to be used for one time only operations and not to be used frequently. Removing the SSL verification disproves the whole concept of having SSL implemented.
Trust Certificate in your browser
To trust a self-signed certificate, you need to add it to your Keychain.
The easiest way to do that is to open the site in question in Safari, upon which you should get this dialog box:
Click 'Show Certificate' to reveal the full details:
Export Certificate in .pem format
Git doesn't use the Mac OS X keychain to resolve this, so you need to trust the certificate explicitly.
- If you haven't done so already, follow the steps in 'Trust certificate in your browser', above
- Open Applications > Keychain Access and select 'Certificates' in the lower-left pane
- Type the website into the Search field in the top-right
- Select the certificate entry for the website, then in the menu click File > Export Items
- In the Save dialog, change 'File Format' to 'Privacy Enhanced Mail (.pem)' and save the file somewhere on your drive
Use exported certificate in git commands
Once the certificate is saved on the client you can instruct your git client to use it to trust the remote repository:
# Initial clone GIT_SSL_CAINFO=/path/to/certificate.pem git clone https://firstname.lastname@example.org/scm/repository.git # Ensure all future interactions with origin remote also work cd repository git config http.sslCAInfo /path/to/certificate.pem