Bitbucket Data Center のインストール

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This page describes how to migrate an existing instance of Bitbucket Server to Bitbucket Data Center. For an overview, see Bitbucket Data Center resources. If you are installing Bitbucket Server instance go straight to Getting started instead. We also recommend reading Using Bitbucket Server in the enterprise.  If you just want to add another node we suggest you take a look at Adding cluster nodes to Bitbucket Data Center.

This guide assumes that you already have a production instance of Bitbucket Server, and that you are aiming to migrate that to a Bitbucket Data Center instance. 

We recommend that you:

  • Purchase a Bitbucket Data Center license, or, obtain an evaluation license.
  • Set up and test Bitbucket Data Center in your staging environment, before deploying to a production environment.
  • Upgrade Bitbucket Server, and then make a backup of your production instance of Bitbucket Server. 
  • Restore a copy of this backup into your clustered staging environment.  
  • 本番環境と同一のデータ (リポジトリ、ユーザー、アドオン) で Bitbucket Data Center をテストします。 

Regardless of the process you use, please smoke test your Bitbucket Data Center instance every step of the way. 

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Overview and requirements

It's worth getting a clear understanding of what you're aiming to achieve, before starting to provision your Bitbucket Data Center.

A Bitbucket Data Center instance consists of a cluster of dedicated machines connected like this:

 

The URL of the Bitbucket Data Center instance will be the URL of the load balancer, so this is the machine that you will need to assign the name of your Bitbucket Server instance in the DNS. 

The remaining machines (Bitbucket cluster nodes, shared database, and shared file system) do not need to be publicly accessible to your users. 

Bitbucket cluster nodes

The Bitbucket cluster nodes all run the Bitbucket Data Center web application. 

  • Each Bitbucket cluster node must be a dedicated machine.
  • The machines may be physical or virtual. 
  • The cluster nodes must be connected in a high speed LAN (that is, high bandwidth and low latency). 
  • The usual Bitbucket Server supported platforms requirements, including those for Java and Git, apply to each cluster node.
  • The cluster nodes do not all need to be absolutely identical, but for consistent performance we recommend they should be as similar as possible.
  • All cluster nodes must run the same version of Bitbucket Data Center.
  • All cluster nodes must have synchronized clocks (for example, using NTP) and be configured with the identical timezone.
  • Ensure that only permit cluster nodes are allowed to connect to a Bitbucket cluster node's Hazelcast port, which by default is port 5701, through the use of a firewall and/or network segregation.

ロードバランサー

You can use the load balancer of your choice. Bitbucket Data Center does not  bundle a load balancer.

  • Your load balancer should run on a dedicated machine.
  • Your load balancer must have a high-speed LAN connection to the Bitbucket cluster nodes (that is, high bandwidth and low latency). 
  • Your load balancer must support both  HTTP mode (for web traffic) and TCP mode (for SSH traffic). 
  • Terminating SSL (HTTPS) at your load balancer and running plain HTTP from the load balancer to Bitbucket Server is highly recommended for performance. 
  • Your load balancer should support "session affinity" (also known as "sticky sessions").

If you don't have a preference for your load balancer, we provide instructions for haproxy, a popular Open Source software load balancer. 

共有データベース

You must run Bitbucket Data Center on an external database. You can  not use Bitbucket Server's internal HSQL or H2 database with Bitbucket Data Center. 

  • The shared database must run on a dedicated machine. 
  • The shared database must be available to all cluster nodes via a high-speed LAN (it must be in the same physical data center). 
  • All the usual database vendors in Bitbucket Server's supported platforms are supported by Bitbucket Data Center, with one exception: we do  not recommend MySQL at this time due to inherent deadlocks that can occur in this database engine at high load. 

共有ファイル システム

Bitbucket Data Center requires a high performance shared file system such as a SAN, NAS, RAID server, or high-performance file server optimized for I/O. 

  • The shared file system must run on a dedicated machine. 
  • The file system must be available to all cluster nodes via a high-speed LAN (it must be in the same physical data center). 
  • The shared file system should be accessible via NFS as a single mount point. 

What is stored on the shared file system?

  • 設定ファイル
  • data directory, which includes:
    • repositories
    • attachments
    • avatars
  • plugins

What is stored locally on each node?

  • caches
  • logs
  • 一時ファイル

 

1. Upgrade your existing production instance of Bitbucket Server

Begin by upgrading your production Bitbucket Server instance to the latest public release. This is necessary for several reasons:

  • Bitbucket Server のデータベースおよびホーム ディレクトリのレイアウトは、Bitbucket Server のリリースごとに頻繁に変更されます。最初にアップグレードすることで、本番環境の Bitbucket Server インスタンスと Bitbucket Data Center インスタンスで同一のデータ フォーマットが共有され、それらを自在に切り替えることができます。 
  • 本番インスタンスのアドオンに、Bitbucket Server の最新リリースとの互換性があることを検証できます (互換性がない場合は更新されます)。 
  • 単一ノードの Bitbucket Server と複数ノードの Bitbucket Data Center 間のパフォーマンスやその他の比較の信頼性が増します。 

Upgrade your Bitbucket Server by following the instructions in the Bitbucket Server upgrade guide.

 

2. Back up your production instance

Now, take a backup of your production Bitbucket Server instance's database and home directory. For this you can:

 

3. 共有データベースのプロビジョニング

Set up your shared database server. Note that clustered databases are not yet supported.

See Connecting Bitbucket Server to an external database for more information.

You must ensure your database is configured to allow enough concurrent connections. Bitbucket Server by default uses up to 80 connections per cluster node , which can exceed the default connection limit of some databases.

For example, in PostgreSQL the default limit is usually 100 connections. If you use PostgreSQL, you may need to edit your postgresql.conf file, to increase the value of max_connection s, and restart Postgres.

We do not support MySQL for Bitbucket Data Center at this time due to inherent deadlocks that can occur in this database engine at high load.  If you currently use MySQL, you should migrate your data to another supported database (such as PostgreSQL) before upgrading your Bitbucket Server instance to Bitbucket Data Center. You can migrate databases (on a standalone Bitbucket Server instance) using the Migrate database feature in Bitbucket Server's Adminstration pages, or by using the Bitbucket Server backup client.

 

 

4. 共有ファイルシステムのプロビジョニング

Set up your shared file server.

NFS を使用する場合のパフォーマンス ガイドラインについては、「Bitbucket Data Center FAQ」を参照してください。

You must ensure your shared file system server is configured with enough NFS server processes.

For example, some versions of RedHat Enterprise Linux and CentOS have a default of 8 server processes. If you use one of these systems, you may need to edit your /etc/sysconfig/nfs file, increase the value of RPCNFSDCOUNT, and restart the nfs service.

You must ensure your shared file system server has the NFS lock service enabled . For example:

  • In some versions of Ubuntu Linux you must ensure that the portmap and dbus services are enabled for the NFS lockd to function.
  • In some versions of RedHat Enterprise Linux and CentOS, you must install the nfs-utils and nfs-utils-lib packages, and ensure the rpcbind and nfslock services are running.

Create a Bitbucket Server user account (recommended name atlbitbucket) on the shared file system server to own everything in the Bitbucket Server shared home directory.  This user account must have the same UID on all cluster nodes and the shared file system server.  In a fresh Linux install the UID of a newly created account is typically 1001, but in general there is no guarantee that this UID will be free on every Linux system.  Choose a UID for atlbitbucket that's free on all your cluster nodes and the shared file system server, and substitute this for 1001 in the following command:

sudo useradd -c "Atlassian Bitbucket" -u 1001 atlbitbucket

You must ensure that the atlbitbucket user has the same UID on all cluster nodes and the shared file system server.

Then restore the backup you have taken in step 2 into the new shared database and shared home directory.

Only the shared directory in the Bitbucket Server home directory needs to be restored into the shared home directory. The remaining directories (bincachesexportliblogplugins, and tmp) contain only caches and temporary files, and do not need to be restored. 

You must ensure that the user running Bitbucket Server (usually atlbitbucket) is able to read and write everything in the Bitbucket home directory, both the node-local part and the shared part (in NFS). The easiest way to do this is to ensure that:

  1. atlbitbucket owns all files and directories in the Bitbucket home directory,
  2. atlbitbucket has the recommended umask of 0027, and
  3. atlbitbucket has the same UID on all machines.

Do not run Bitbucket Server as root. Many NFS servers squash accesses by root to another user.

 

 

5. Elasticsearch ノードのプロビジョニング

Elasticsearch is an engine that provides search functionality for Bitbucket Server.

To set up your Elasticsearch server, following the instructions on the page Install and configure a remote Elasticsearch instance.

6. Provision your cluster nodes

  1. Chef、Puppet、または Vagrant などの自動構成管理ツールを使用するか、同一の仮想マシンのスナップショットをスピンアップすることで、クラスター ノードのプロビジョニングを行うことを強くお勧めします。 

  2. On each cluster node, mount the shared home directory as ${BITBUCKET_HOME}/shared. For example, suppose your Bitbucket home directory is /var/atlassian/application-data/bitbucket, and your shared home directory is available as an NFS export called bitbucket-san:/bitbucket-shared . Add the following line to /etc/fstab on each cluster node:

    /etc/fstab
    bitbucket-san:/bitbucket-shared /var/atlassian/application-data/bitbucket/shared nfs lookupcache=pos,noatime,intr,rsize=32768,wsize=32768 0 0

    Only the ${BITBUCKET_HOME}/shared directory should be shared between cluster nodes. All other directories, including ${BITBUCKET_HOME}, should be node-local (that is, private to each node).

    Bitbucket Data Center checks during startup that ${BITBUCKET_HOME} is node local and ${BITBUCKET_HOME}/shared is shared, and will fail to form a cluster if this is not true.

    Your shared file system must provide sufficient consistency for Bitbucket Server and Git.

    Linux NFS clients require the lookupcache=pos mount option to be specified for proper consistency.

    これをマウントします。

    mkdir -p /var/atlassian/application-data/bitbucket/shared
    sudo mount -a
  3. Ensure all your cluster nodes have synchronized clocks and identical timezone configuration. For example, in RedHat Enterprise Linux or CentOS:

    sudo yum install ntp
    sudo service ntpd start
    sudo tzselect

    In Ubuntu Linux:

    sudo apt-get install ntp
    sudo service ntp start
    sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

    For other operating systems, consult your system documentation. 

    The system clocks on your cluster nodes must remain reasonably synchronized (say, to within a few seconds or less). If your system clocks drift excessively or undergo abrupt "jumps" of minutes or more, then cluster nodes may log warnings, become slow, or in extreme cases become unresponsive and require restarting. You should run the NTP service on all your cluster nodes with identical configuration, and never manually tamper with the system clock on a cluster node while Bitbucket Data Center is running.

  4. Download the latest Bitbucket Data Center distribution from https://www.atlassian.com/software/bitbucket/download, and install Bitbucket Server as normal on all the cluster nodes. See Getting started.

 

7. 最初のクラスタ ノードの起動

Edit the file ${BITBUCKET_HOME}/shared/bitbucket.properties , and add the following lines:

# Use multicast to discover cluster nodes (recommended).
hazelcast.network.multicast=true

# If your network does not support multicast, you may uncomment the following lines and substitute
# the IP addresses of some or all of your cluster nodes. (Not all of the cluster nodes have to be
# listed here but at least one of them has to be active when a new node joins.) 
#hazelcast.network.tcpip=true
#hazelcast.network.tcpip.members=192.168.0.1:5701,192.168.0.2:5701,192.168.0.3:5701

# The following should uniquely identify your cluster on the LAN. 
hazelcast.group.name=your-bitbucket-cluster
hazelcast.group.password=your-bitbucket-cluster

Using multicast to discover cluster nodes (hazelcast.network.multicast=true) is recommended, but requires all your cluster nodes to be accessible to each other via a multicast-enabled network. If your network does not support multicast then you can set  hazelcast.network.multicast=false hazelcast.network.tcpip=true, and hazelcast.network.tcpip.members to a comma-separated list of cluster nodes instead. Only enable one of hazelcast.network.tcpip or hazelcast.network.multicast, not both!

Choose a name for hazelcast.group.name and hazelcast.group.password that uniquely identifies the cluster on your LAN. If you have more than one cluster on the same LAN (for example, other Bitbucket Data Center instances or other products based on similar technology such as Confluence Data Center) then you must assign each cluster a distinct name, to prevent them from attempting to join together into a "super cluster". 

Bitbucket Server を起動します。「Bitbucket Server の開始および終了」をご参照ください。

Then go to http://<bitbucket>:7990/admin/license, and install the Bitbucket Data Center license you were issued. Restart Bitbucket Server for the change to take effect. If you need a Bitbucket Data Center license, you can purchase one that fits your needs, or, get an evaluation license.

8. Install and configure your load balancer 

You can use the load balancer of your choice, either hardware or software. Bitbucket Data Center does  not bundle a load balancer. 

ロード バランサは 3 つのプロトコルをプロキシする必要があります。

プロトコル ロード バランサの一般的なポート Bitbucket クラスタ ノードの一般的なポート 注意
http 80 7990 HTTP mode. Session affinity ("sticky sessions") should be enabled using the 52-character JSESSIONID cookie.
HTTPS 443 7990 HTTP モード。ロード バランサで SSL を終了し、Bitbucket クラスタ ノードに対してプレーン HTTP を実行することを強くおすすめします。
ssh 7999 7999 TCP モード。

Your load balancer must support session affinity ("sticky sessions") using the  JSESSIONID cookie. Bitbucket Data Center assumes that your load balancer always directs each user's requests to the same cluster node. If it does not, users may be unexpectedly logged out or lose other information that may be stored in their HTTP session.

ロード バランサを選択する場合、それは HTTP、HTTPS、TCP プロトコルをサポートしている必要があります。注意:

  • Apache では、TCP モードの負荷分散がサポートされていません
  • 1.5.0 より古い HAProxy バージョンでは、HTTPS がサポートされていません

If your load balancer supports health checks of the cluster nodes, configure it to perform a periodic HTTP GET of http:// <bitbucket>:7990/status, where <bitbucket> is the cluster node's name or IP address. This returns one of two HTTP status codes:

  • 200 OK
  • 500 Internal Server Error

クラスタ ノードが合理的な時間内に 200 OK を返さない場合、ロード バランサはそのクラスタ ノードにトラフィックを転送するべきではありません。 

You should then be able to navigate to http://<load-balancer>/, where <load-balancer> is your load balancer's name or IP address. This should take you to your Bitbucket Server front page. 

例: HAProxy ロード バランサ

使用するロード バランサが決まっていなかったり、ロード バランサに対するポリシーがなかったりする場合、人気のオープン ソースおソフトウェア ロード バランサである HAProxy を使用できます。

HAProxy を選択する場合、バージョン 1.5.0 以上を使用する必要があります。それ以前のバージョンの HAProxy では HTTPS がサポートされません。

Here is an example haproxy.cfg configuration file (typically found in the location /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg).  This assumes:

  • Bitbucket クラスタ ノードのアドレスは 192.168.0.1 であり、デフォルト ポート 7990 (HTTP) および 7999 (SSH) でリッスンしている。 
  • You have a valid SSL certificate at /etc/cert.pem.
haproxy.cfg
global
    pidfile     /var/run/haproxy.pid
    maxconn     4000
    user        haproxy
    group       haproxy
    daemon

defaults
    log                     global
    option                  dontlognull
    option                  redispatch
    retries                 3
    timeout http-request    10s
    timeout queue           1m
    timeout connect         10s
    timeout client          1m
    timeout server          1m
    timeout http-keep-alive 10s
    timeout check           10s
    maxconn                 3000
    tune.ssl.default-dh-param 1024
    errorfile               408 /dev/null	# Workaround for Chrome 35-36 bug.  See http://blog.haproxy.com/2014/05/26/haproxy-and-http-errors-408-in-chrome/

frontend bitbucket_http_frontend
    bind *:80
    bind *:443 ssl crt /etc/cert.pem ciphers RC4-SHA:AES128-SHA:AES256-SHA
    default_backend bitbucket_http_backend

backend bitbucket_http_backend
    mode http
    option httplog
    option httpchk GET /status
    option forwardfor
    option http-server-close
    appsession JSESSIONID len 52 timeout 1h
    balance roundrobin
    cookie JSESSIONID prefix
    stick-table type string len 52 size 5M expire 30m
    stick store-response set-cookie(JSESSIONID)
    stick on cookie(JSESSIONID)
    server bitbucket01 192.168.0.1:7990 check inter 10000 rise 2 fall 5
    #server bitbucket02 192.168.0.2:7990 check inter 10000 rise 2 fall 5
    # The following "backup" servers are just here to show the startup page when all nodes are starting up
    server backup01 192.168.0.1:7990 backup
    #server backup02 192.168.0.2:7990 backup
 
frontend bitbucket_ssh_frontend
    bind *:7999
    default_backend bitbucket_ssh_backend
    timeout client 15m
    maxconn 50

backend bitbucket_ssh_backend
    mode tcp
    balance roundrobin
    server bitbucket01 192.168.0.1:7999 check port 7999
    #server bitbucket02 192.168.0.2:7999 check port 7999
    timeout server 15m
 
listen admin
    mode http
    bind *:8090
    stats enable
    stats uri /

Review the contents of the haproxy.cfg file carefully, and customize it for your environment. See http://www.haproxy.org/ for more information about installing and configuring haproxy.

Once you have configured the haproxy.cfg file, start the haproxy service.

sudo service haproxy start

You can also monitor the health of your cluster by navigating to HAProxy's statistics page at http://<load-balancer>:8090/. You should see a page similar to this:

9. Configure Tomcat/Bitbucket for HAProxy

Bitbucket を、HAProxy と連携するように設定する必要があります。例:

<Bitbucket home directory>/shared/server.xml
<Connector port="7990"
     protocol="HTTP/1.1"
     connectionTimeout="20000"
     useBodyEncodingForURI="true"
     redirectPort="443"
     compression="on"
     compressableMimeType="text/html,text/xml,text/plain,text/css,application/json,application/javascript,application/x-javascript"
     secure="true"
     scheme="https"
     proxyName="<load-balancer>"
     proxyPort="443" />

Securing Bitbucket behind HAProxy using SSL for more details.

10. Add a new Bitbucket cluster node to the cluster

新しいクラスタ ノードに移動し、Bitbucket Server を起動します。「Bitbucket Server の開始および終了」をご参照ください。

Once Bitbucket Server has started, go to http://<load-balancer>/admin/clustering. You should see a page similar to this:

Verify that the new node you have started up has successfully joined the cluster. If it does not, please check your network configuration and the ${BITBUCKET_HOME}/log/atlassian-bitbucket.log files on all nodes. If you are unable to find a reason for the node failing to join successfully, please contact  Atlassian Support .


11. 新しい Bitbucket クラスタ ノードをロード バランサに接続

独自のハードウェアまたはソフトウェア ロード バランサを使用している場合、新しい Bitbucket クラスタ ノードをロード バランサに追加する方法については、ベンダーのドキュメントを参照してください。

If you are using HAProxy, just uncomment the lines

server bitbucket02 192.168.0.2:7990 check inter 10000 rise 2 fall 5
server bitbucket02 192.168.0.2:7999 check port 7999

in your haproxy.cfg file and restart haproxy:

sudo service haproxy restart

新しいノードがクラスター内にあり、リクエストを受信することを検証します。これを行うには、各ノードでログを調べ、いずれもトラフィックを受信していることを確認し、さらに、一方のノードで実行された更新をもう一方のノードで表示できるかどうかも調べます。 

 

12. Repeat steps 9 and 10 for each additional cluster node

 

13. Congratulations!

You have now set up a clustered instance of Bitbucket Data Center!  We are very interested in hearing your feedback on this process – please contact us!

For any issues please raise a support ticket and mention that you are following the 'Installing Bitbucket Data Center' page.

Please see Using Bitbucket Server in the enterprise for information about using Bitbucket Server in a production environment.

最終更新日: 2017 年 2 月 6 日

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